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「人智學」一詞源自希臘文,Anthropo指「人類」、Sophy指「智慧」,兩義交融。Anthroposophy(人智學)是研究關於人類智慧的學問,闡述萬物生命本質和宇宙演化的歷史。人智學不是一門宗教,雖然其作為和理念充滿宗教情懷;人智學也不是一套哲學論述,但若要充份理解則需要相當高度的思考練習。 

人智學是由奧地利人魯道夫施泰納博士(Dr. Rudolf Steiner1861~1925)所提出,他是當代著名的哲學家、靈性科學家、社會改革者、教育家。他深入傳統智慧,加上個人的靈性修持,以適合當代人理解和操練的方式,提出了人智學。依其理念開創出諸如華德福教育、生機互動農法、人智醫學、優律司美等實務和藝術性工作。 

 

華德福教育(Waldorf Education)即人智學教育,有些華德福學校亦稱為施泰納學校,是為了回應現代教育的危機與需要而出現。包括幼兒園、小學、中學到高中的完整體系,有自己獨立的師資培訓系統,在國外也有延伸到大學階段的華德福學院。全世界第一所華德福學校建立於1919年在德國的斯圖佳特(Stuttgart),旨在開展人類內在自由以實現社會公義,期盼以教育上的變革和提升來回應社會問題。目前在全球六十個國家中,已有一千多所華德福學校、近兩千家幼兒園、三百多所治療教育中心、六十多個師資培育機構,對當代醫療、農業、音樂、藝術、哲學、靈性科學等領域皆有卓著貢獻。

In the 1990s in Taiwan, cries for educational reform soared. People were asking how to change the school system so that a child’s learning appetite could be conserved and each student’s potential could be cultivated.

 

CiXin Waldorf education team started putting the ideals of Waldorf education into practice in 1996 in the kindergarten and extended these ideals to a primary school in 1999. With the support of the Yilan county government, CiXin Waldorf school became the first chartered school in 2002. Nine years later, the first C10 class was created. In 2015, the charter school covered C1 to C12, and CiXin became the first 12-year comprehensive Waldorf school in Taiwan.

Rudolf Steiner once said: “We should not ask what knowledge and abilities one needs to have in order to exist in current society. Instead, the question we should raise is what is the potential in each person? What’s the direction he or she wants to move on? By doing so, we can bring up the growing generation in the way that they can give new impulses to the current society. Only so can we achieve a living social organism.” The core value of Waldorf education is “offering education in the highest quality in terms of contents, environment, and interpersonal treatments at the most appropriate timing, that is, when the children need it according to their nature.” This is a learner-centered and human-based education. Through artistic teaching, we want to lay foundations for every student in our school to fully development on physical, soul, and spiritual levels so that they can be set forth in freedom.

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